Monday, July 29, 2013

4 more free scrambled paragraphs (these might be toughies)

Answers are below the exercises:

In the late nineteenth century, a German biochemist found the nucleic acids, long-chain polymers of nucleotides, were made up of sugar, phosphoric acid, and several nitrogen-containing bases.

_____ (Q) Scientists still needed to figure out this molecule's structure to be sure, and to understand how it worked.

_____ (R) Later it was found that the sugar in nucleic acid can be ribose or deoxyribose, giving two forms: RNA and DNA.

_____ (S) Most people at the time thought the gene would be protein, not nucleic acid, but by the late 1940s, DNA was largely accepted as the genetic molecule.

_____ (T) In 1943, American Oswald Avery proved that DNA carries genetic information.

_____ (U) He even suggested DNA might actually be the gene.

{Bridge is a card game.)

We invited 12 women to come to the lab to play bridge with one another.

_____ (Q) We did not find such a T cell increase in the blood samples of the control women who did not play bridge, but sat listening to quiet music during the time the others were playing bridge.

_____ (R) The before and after data were exciting to us because we found a significant increase in their CD4-positive T lymphocytes. 

_____ (S) Before they started playing, we took blood samples from them to measure the initial level of their T cells. 

_____ (T) We were terribly thrilled with these results because, clearly, the cerebral cortex has a role in controlling the immune system, and our present task is to find ways to "educate" the critical dorsolateral cortex and keep our immune systems healthy.

_____ (U) Then we took blood from them after they had been playing for an hour and a half.

No video for this one...I'm still trying to understand it :P

This mission to London  marked the beginning of Bolivar’s twenty-year career as a public servant on behalf of freedom and independence. 

_____ (Q) The constitution for the new republic provided for a federal structure, the legal equality of citizens of all races, and the abolition of clerical and military privileges. 

_____ (R) Bolívar returned from London in June, 1811, and spoke to the Patriotic Society in favor of independence. 

_____ (S) On July 5, 1811, the Patriotic Society of Caracas declared independence and founded the first republic of Venezuela. 

_____ (T) In March, 1812, a small Spanish force arrived from Puerto Rico, and the royalists helped them combat the republican army, which surrendered, forcing Bolívar to escape to New Granada to avoid prison.

_____ (U) Yet, in reality, it did little for non-whites: most  were excluded from voting by a property qualification, slavery was retained, and the llaneros, the free-ranging horsemen of the plains, were alienated by policies designed to bring the llanos (plains) under private ownership.

Heresies (from L. haeresis, sect, school of belief) were a problem for the Church from the beginning.

_____ (Q) Efforts to suppress these heresies were initially ad hoc. 

_____ (R) Beginning in the 12th century, Church Councils required secular rulers to prosecute heretics. 

_____ (S) But in the Middle Ages a permanent structure came into being to deal with the problem.        

_____ (T) In 1231, Pope Gregory IX published a decree which called for life imprisonment with salutary penance for the heretic who had confessed and repented and capital punishment for those who persisted. 

_____ (U) In the early centuries there were the Arians and Manicheans; in the Middle Ages there were the Cathari and Waldenses; and in the Renaissance there were the Hussites, Lutherans, Calvinists, and Rosicrucians.

Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition!  The Spanish Inquisition was meant to root out heresy. This is from a very funny TV show from England called: Monty Python's Flying Circus. 

Answers are below:


DNA ----> 5, 1, 4, 2, 3   ------->  5=Q, 1=R, 4=S, 2=T, 3=U
Bridge ----> 4,3,1,5,2
Bolivar -----> 3,1,2,5,4
Heresy -----> 2,4,3,5,1

Yes, I'm the guy who created the scandal in Asia awhile ago. I felt that the Korean performers I was teaching in New York City were not being treated up to acceptable standards, and I reported this to a Korean newspaper to help ensure that, in the future, performers would be treated better.