Monday, September 23, 2013

4 new scrambled paragraphs

Notice:  All the scrambled paragraphs on this blog are a free, non-commercial resource purely for educational purposes.  They are 100% legal under the Fair Usage Law.  No commercial entity has the right to remove and display this content. By using this website you tacitly agree to the terms that this material cannot be reproduced for distribution via the internet or other means.
Answers are below the exercise:

Nobunaga first heard of Yasuke when the news reached him in 1581 of the great crush that had occurred when Valignano had brought him to Kyoto where his skin color and height attracted a huge crowd.

_____ (Q) Nobunaga ordered the Jesuit to bring Yasuke to his court so that he could see this sensation in the flesh.

_____ (R) Ultimately Nobunaga became so fond of Yasuke that he was given the honor of being made a member of the samurai class, a rare honor among foreigners.

_____ (S) Upon seeing Yasuke Nobunaga allegedly ordered him stripped to the waist and scrubbed, believing that his skin was painted.

_____ (T) Nobunaga was further intrigued by the fact that Yasuke could speak Japanese and ordered Valignano to leave Yasuke in his care when the Jesuit prepared to leave again.

_____ (U) Yasuke, thus, became a permanent fixture in Nobunaga’s retinue, his size and strength acting as a deterrent to assassination, not to mention a flavor of exoticism to accompany the warlord’s other Western possessions.

(The Daily Beagle is an interesting blog where you can learn tons of interesting things.)

Your eye produces a clear fluid called aqueous humor in the chamber at the front of the eye and this fluid nourishes nearby tissues and helps to maintain proper pressure balance within the eye. 

_____ (Q) As the normal level of fluid builds up, it can trigger an increase of pressure within the eye and this condition, called high IOP, can lead to open-angle glaucoma.  

_____ (R) For reasons that are not fully understood, the drainage canal can become clogged over time. 

_____ (S) In a healthy eye, it flows through a tiny drain called the trabecular meshwork in the front of the eye. 

_____ (T) Open-angle glaucoma represents at least 90% of all glaucoma cases – making it the most common form of the disease. 

_____ (U) Other times, your eye can produce too much fluid, which can result in elevated intraocular pressure (IOP).   

In 1974, Congress passed the Safe Drinking Water Act.

_____ (Q) The MCLG for benzene is zero. 

_____ (R) These non-enforceable health goals, based solely on possible health risks and exposure over a lifetime with an adequate margin of safety, are called maximum contaminant level goals (MCLG).

_____ (S) This law requires the EPA to determine the level of contaminants in drinking water at which no adverse health effects are likely to occur.

_____ (T) The EPA has set this level of protection for benzene based on the best available science to prevent potential health problems.

_____ (U) Contaminants are any physical, chemical, biological or radiological substances or matter in water.

Though it is a remarkable piece of rhetoric, inspiring his men to an unexpected victory at the Battle of Agincourt, the attentive reader or playgoer will notice that Henry's speech is transparently untrue.

_____ (Q) His speech is a means to that end — he is rallying his troops because he needs them to make himself famous and he is lying to them even as he asks them to give up their lives on his behalf.

_____ (R) After all, the play is called Henry V for a reason — because it is Henry, and Henry alone, who is remembered for the victory at Agincourt. 

_____ (S) Henry readily admits, “...if it be a sin to covet honour,/I am the most offending soul alive.” 

_____ (T) They are fighting for Henry’s glory, not their own. 

_____ (U) The men that make up his “band of brothers” are almost all unnamed in the play and have been forgotten by history. 

Answers are below:

Yasuke -------->  1,5,2,3,4
glaucoma -------> 4,2,1,5,3  -------------->  Q=4, R=2, S=1, T=5, U=3
Benzene ---------->  4,2,1,5,3
(The tough part about this one is that you have to realize what "non-enforceable health goals" refers back to.)
Band of Brothers -----> 5,1,4,3,2

Friday, September 13, 2013

5 new, free scrambled paragraphs

Answers are below the exercise:

Invasive species are a major concern for the ecology of sand dunes.

_____ (Q) Because they are not native to the region, they often have no natural predators or other controls. 

_____ (R) As they did not evolve along with all the other species in the area, they provide limited habitat values. 

_____ (S) Scotch Broom and European Beachgrass are two common examples. 

_____ (T) Some invasive species are so well-established that their eradication is not feasible without substantial cost and effort.

_____ (U) Therefore, invasive species can create dense monocultures that crowd out other species.

Route 66's decline began around the same time On the Road was published.

_____ (Q) To keep up with growing traffic demands, pieces of Route 66 were slowly upgraded to, replaced by or became supplementary to new four-lane highways. 

_____ (R) Route 66's last stretch in Arizona was decommissioned when I-40 was completed in 1984 and, the following year, the entire route was decommissioned.

_____ (S) Inspired by the German autobahn he had seen during World War II, Eisenhower sought to make the highways more efficient. 

_____ (T) In 1956 President Eisenhower enacted the Federal Aid Highway Act. 

_____ (U) By the 1970s, the route was largely replaced by five different interstates including Interstate 40, serving most of the Southwest, which replaced the longest portion of the route.,8599,2000095,00.html

What harm can having too little of a vitamin do?

_____ (Q) This is because the human body needs vitamin B12 to make red blood cells, nerves, DNA, and to carry out other functions. 

_____ (R) Over the course of two months, a 62-year-old man developed numbness and a “pins and needles” sensation in his hands, had trouble walking, experienced severe joint pain, and became progressively short of breath. 

_____ (S) The average adult should get 2.4 micrograms a day, but, like most vitamins, B12 can’t be made by the body: it must be gotten from food or supplements.

_____ (T) The cause was a lack of vitamin B12 in his bloodstream, according to a case report from Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital published in The New England Journal of Medicine

_____ (U) It could have been worse—a severe vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to deep depression, paranoia and delusions, memory loss, loss of taste and smell, and more.

The name "Anasazi" has come to mean "ancient people," although the word itself is Navajo, meaning "enemy ancestors."

_____ (Q) Subsequently some archaeologists who would try to change the term have worried that because the Pueblos speak different languages, there are different words for "ancestor," and using one might be offensive to people speaking other languages.

_____ (R) Wetherill knew and worked with Navajos and understood what the word meant.

_____ (S) The term was first applied to ruins of the Mesa Verde by Richard Wetherill, a rancher and trader who, in 1888-1889, was the first Anglo-American to explore the sites in that area.
_____ (T) The name was further sanctioned in archaeology when it was adopted by Alfred V. Kidder, the acknowledged dean of Southwestern Archaeology. 

_____ (U) Kidder felt that is was less cumbersome than a more technical term he might have used.

On Christmas Eve, many German soldiers put up Christmas trees, decorated with candles, on the parapets of their trenches.

_____ (Q) Instead of trickery, however, the British soldiers heard many of the Germans celebrating.  

_____ (R) Hundreds of Christmas trees lighted the German trenches and although British soldiers could see the lights, it took them a few minutes to figure out what they were from. 

_____ (S) British soldiers were ordered not to fire but to watch them closely.

_____ (T) Indeed, occasionally the guttural tones of a German were to be heard shouting out lustily, 'A happy Christmas to you Englishmen!'

_____ (U) Time and again during the course of that day, the Eve of Christmas, the sounds of singing and merry-making wafted toward the English.

Answers are below:


Invasive species ------>  2,4,1,5,3   ----> 2=Q, 4=R, 1=S, 5=T, 3=U
Route 66 --------> 3,5,2,1,4
B12 -------> 4,1,5,2,3
Anasazi ------> 5,2,1,3,4
X-Mas Truce ------> 3,1,2,5,4

Saturday, September 7, 2013

4 more free scrambled paragraphs: Kleist, Evolution, Arch, Machine Gun

Answers are below the exercise:

Like many Germans involved in efforts to kill Hitler, Mr. von Kleist was a soldier — a lieutenant in the German Army — but his family had long been active in the German resistance.

_____ (Q) When he asked his father for advice, “He got up from his chair, went to the window, looked out of the window for a moment, and then he turned and said: ‘Yes, you have to do that because a man who doesn’t take such a chance will never be happy again in his life.’ ” 

_____ (R) In January 1944, he was 22 and recuperating in Berlin from wounds he suffered in combat when he was approached by Col. Claus von Stauffenberg to join an assassination plot. 
_____ (S) At the time, Lieutenant von Kleist led a unit that was scheduled to meet with Hitler to show him new Army uniforms. 

_____ (T) Lieutenant von Kleist agreed to go through with the plan, but Hitler canceled at the last moment — he frequently changed his schedule late in the war — and Colonel von Stauffenberg and others began devising a new plan. 

_____ (U) Colonel von Stauffenberg asked Lieutenant von Kleist to take along hidden explosives, which he would then detonate at the meeting, killing Hitler and himself. 

When most of us think about evolution, we tend to think in terms of simple organisms evolving into more complex ones.

_____ (Q) It's no longer believed that humans are at the top of the evolutionary ladder, but evolution does tend to drive organisms towards greater complexity, does it not?

_____ (R) Greater complexity is sometimes a consequence of evolution, but simplification can also, therefore, be a winning strategy -- it all depends on the environment. 

_____ (S) Well, this is not always so. 

_____ (T) In fact, those organisms that leave the most offspring behind, simple or complex, seem to do best.

_____ (U) Simple chemical reactions evolved into simple cells, which later evolved into more complex organisms, and so on all the way up to humans.

After more than 2,000 years of architectural use, the arch continues to feature prominently in bridge designs and with good reason: its semicircular structure elegantly distributes compression through its entire form and diverts weight onto its two abutments, the components of the bridge that directly take on pressure.

_____ (Q) The natural curve of the arch and its ability to dissipate the force outward greatly reduces the effects of tension on the underside of the arch.

_____ (R) The greater the degree of curvature (the larger the semicircle of the arch), the greater the effects of tension on the underside of the bridge. 

_____ (S) Tensional force in arch bridges, on the other hand, is virtually negligible. 

_____ (T) But as with beams and trusses, even the mighty arch can't outrun physics forever. 

_____ (U) Build a big enough arch, and tension will eventually overtake the support structure's natural strength.

In 1881 the American inventor, Hiram Maxim, visited the Paris Electrical Exhibition and met a man who told him: "If you want to make a lot of money, invent something that will enable these Europeans to cut each other's throats with greater facility."

_____ (Q) Maxim used the energy of each bullet's recoil force to eject the spent cartridge and insert the next bullet.  

_____ (R) Trials showed that the machine-gun could fire 500 rounds per minute and therefore had the firepower of about 100 rifles. 

_____ (S) In 1885 he was able to demonstrate the world's first automatic portable machine-gun to the British Army. 

_____ (T) Maxim moved to London and over the next few years worked on producing an effective machine-gun.  

_____ (U) The Maxim Machine-Gun would therefore fire until the entire belt of bullets was used up.

Answers are below:

Kleist  ----------->     4,1,2,5,3     ---> Q=4, R=1, S=2, T=5, U=3
Evolution-------------> 2,5,3,4,1
Arch Bridges --------> 2,4,1,3,5
maxim gun -------->  3,5,2,1,4

Feeling tired?  Need exercise?  Try the "Bar bar bar" dance :P :P :P

Funny music video:

Friday, September 6, 2013

5 more free scrambled paragraphs (Flu, Cuba, LaGuardia, Lucy, Raven)

Answers are below the exercise:

In the fall of 1918, the Great War in Europe was winding down and peace was on the horizon.

_____ (Q) The Americans had joined in the fight, bringing the Allies closer to victory against the Germans.

_____ (R) Then, however, in pockets across the globe, something erupted that, at first, seemed as benign as the common cold, yet the influenza of that season was far worse than a cold. 

_____ (S) The numbers for the US were even worse, in that the flu infected 28% of all Americans with an estimated 675,000 Americans dying of influenza during the pandemic - ten times as many as in the world war. 

_____ (T) Deep within the trenches these men had lived through some of the most brutal conditions of life, and it seemed that conditions could not become any worse. 

_____ (U) In the two years that this scourge ravaged the earth, a fifth of the world's population was infected, with the flu being most deadly for people ages 20 to 40.

During the Cuban Missile Crisis, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba, just 90 miles from U.S. shores.

_____ (Q) Kennedy also secretly agreed to remove U.S. missiles from Turkey.

_____ (R) He further explained his decision to enact a naval blockade around Cuba and made it clear the U.S. was prepared to use military force, if necessary, to neutralize this perceived threat to national security. 

_____ (S) In a TV address on October 22, 1962, President John Kennedy (1917-63) notified Americans about the presence of the missiles.

_____ (T) However, disaster was avoided when the U.S. agreed to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev's (1894-1971) offer to remove the Cuban missiles in exchange for the U.S. promising not to invade Cuba.

_____ (U) Following this news, many people feared the world was on the brink of nuclear war.

New York City Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, for whom a famous New York airport is named, was popular for riding in fire trucks with firefighters, joining police officers on their beats and taking orphaned children to baseball games. 

_____ (Q) A short time later, an old woman dressed in threadbare clothing stood before him, on a charge of stealing a loaf of bread, but she explained that her daughter’s husband had run out on the family, her daughter was sick and that her two grandchildren had nothing to eat.   

_____ (R) LaGuardia found her guilty but then took out a ten dollar bill from his wallet and gave it to the bailiff to pay the woman's fine.

_____ (S) He then looked around the crowded, bustling court room and fined everyone there 50 cents for living in a city in which a grandmother had to steal a loaf of bread to feed her grandchildren (he gave the fine to the woman). 

_____ (T) The shopkeeper felt sorry for the woman but told the Mayor that he was in a bad neighborhood and that this woman needed to be punished to set an example for everyone else. 

_____ (U) One chilling night in January, 1935, during the depths of the Great Depression, Mayor LaGuardia arrived at a night court in one of the poorest areas in the city and told the judge to take the night off so he could preside over the court.


After death, several things can happen to the body.

_____ (Q) Known informally as Lucy and formally as AL-288-1 (Afar Locality #288), she was found in a sedimentary layer that eventually was dated at 3.5 MaBP.

_____ (R) This "something" turned out to be the exposed portion of a hominid arm bone. 

_____ (S) Johanson, along with colleague Tom Gray, had been mapping another locality at the Afar site, but, feeling "lucky," Johanson took a short detour into another area later mapped as locality 288 and "noticed something lying on the ground partway up the slope."

_____ (T) From the perspective of the physical anthropologist, the best thing that can happen is that the body lies in an area where it will be covered quickly by sediment.  

_____ (U) Such must have been the case with the 40-percent-complete skeleton found by Dr. Johanson.

In the story, the old man hides light in a box because he's afraid to see whether or not his daughter is ugly.

_____ (Q) When the old man finally opens the box containing the light, Raven grabs it and flies out of the house---causing light to spread throughout the world and revealing that the old man's daughter is as beautiful as the fronds of a hemlock tree.

_____ (R) In a ploy to steal the light, Raven shrinks himself to become a hemlock seed in a basket of drinking water so that the daughter swallows him. 

_____ (S) Soon Raven is reborn from her as a raven/human child. 

_____ (T) As Raven flies away, Eagle sees him and tries to steal the light, causing Raven to drop some of it, which becomes the Moon and the stars.

_____ (U) The old man accepts him as a grandson, and soon Raven begins begging that he open his various boxes, one after another, each time pleading and crying until the old man yields.


Answers are below:


Spanish flu -------> 1,3,5,2,4    Q=1, R=3, S=5, T=2, U=4
Cuban Missile Crisis -------------> 5,2,1,4,3
LaGuardia --------->2,4,5,3,1
Lucy -------> 3,5,4,1,2
Raven ----------->4,1,2,5,3
Yes, I'm the guy who created the scandal in Asia awhile ago. I felt that the Korean performers I was teaching in New York City were not being treated up to acceptable standards, and I reported this to a Korean newspaper to help ensure that, in the future, performers would be treated better. 



I'm Daniel Gauss, and I created these scrambled paragraphs for your amusement and edification.