Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Sunfish, Zen, Ceratopsians

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Answers are below the exercises:

The data collected from the tags showed that sunfish spend 50 per cent of their time in the top 10 meters of the ocean. 

_____ (Q) They mostly feed on zooplankton, an extremely diverse group of simple, slow-moving creatures that includes jellyfish and related animals, which stay close to the surface.

_____ (R) This time is probably spent basking, lying on their side and soaking up heat from the sun.
_____ (S) They generally go to depths of 90 to 170 meters, though the deepest observed dive reached 644 meters.
_____ (T) The rest of the time is spent diving, which they do on average 40 times a day – though hardly ever at night. 
_____ (U) This is by no means as deep as other fish go, but then the sunfish don't need to plunge to the abyssal depths. 

The basic premise that the highest truth, or first principle, or Tao, is not expressible in words or conceivable through logical thought, is common to both Taoism and Zen. 

_____ (Q) However, the enlightened Taoist sage is considered to have gained some special knowledge, and thus becomes somehow removed from the world. 

_____ (R) This is obviously not Taoistic quietism (wu-wei) but action where words will not do and the effect is to force the student back into his own mind, rather than to foster a dependence on teachers.

_____ (S) The Zen Master gains nothing other than the realization that there is nothing to gain, and is thus more than ever in the world.

_____ (T) Furthermore, whereas Lao-tzu poetically says "The Tao that can be named is not the real Tao," the Zen Master takes this for granted and if questioned on the subject he might scream "kwatz!" or strike the disciple. 

_____ (U) Both hold, moreover, that an intuitive understanding of the first principle is possible, and this is called enlightenment. 

Ceratopsians were slow-moving plant eaters that probably lived together in large herds--hardly the kind of animals you'd associate with deadly conflict. 

_____ (Q) But upon closer examination, the frills are typically too thin to provide much protection.

_____ (R) The huge bony collars, or frills, around the animals' heads seemed to protect their necks.

_____ (S) For many years, paleontologists thought these animals used their horns and spikes to fight predators like T. rex

_____ (T) In much the same way, the elaborate skulls of the horned dinosaurs may have been for display, not defense.

_____ (U) And among modern animals from beetles to bison, horns are almost always used to attract mates, compete with rivals or allow animals of the same species to recognize each other. 


Answers are below:


sun fish ---> 5,1,3,2,4  Q=5, R=1, S=3, T=2, U=4
tao/zen -------> 2,5,3,4,1
dinos ----------> 3,2,1,5,4