Friday, August 8, 2014

3 new scrambled paragraphs - Fioravanti, High Heels, Cyrus the Great

Notice:  All of the scrambled paragraphs on this blog are a free, non-commercial resource purely for educational purposes.  They are 100% legal under the Fair Usage Law.  (Basically I took properly cited source material and meaningfully changed it into a unique educational tool.) No commercial entity has the right to remove and display this content. By using this website you tacitly agree to the terms that this material cannot be reproduced for distribution via the internet or other means.


Answers are below the exercises. Good luck.


Fioravanti continued his work in Rome and in Bologna, but an event occurred which would change his life forever, derailing his Italian career and playing a part in his eventual decision to relocate to Russia. 

_____ (Q) The shocked Italian was promptly arrested and relieved of all his previous privileges and titles, even though the accusations would eventually prove false. 

_____ (R) Fioravanti’s work in Moscow began with removing the remains of the previous Dormition Cathedral. 

_____ (S) It was at this pivotal moment, however, in 1474 that he met the Russian ambassador Semyon Tolbuzin, who had been sent to Italy to search for architects to work in Moscow.

_____ (T) In June of 1473, Fioravanti was unexpectedly accused of counterfeiting false coins. 

_____ (U) The meeting between Fioravanti and Tolbuzin most likely occurred in Rome, and after signing a contract in 1475, the 60 year old architect left for the Principality of Moscow with his son Andrey and his servant Pietro. 





At the end of the 16th Century, Persia's Shah Abbas had the largest cavalry in the world.

_____ (Q) A wave of interest in all things Persian passed through Western Europe and Persian style shoes were enthusiastically adopted by aristocrats, who sought to give their appearance a virile, masculine edge that, it suddenly seemed, only heeled shoes could supply.


_____ (R) As the wearing of heels filtered into the lower ranks of society, the aristocracy responded by dramatically increasing the height of their shoes - and the high heel was born.
_____ (S) He was keen to forge links with rulers in Western Europe to help him defeat his great enemy, the Ottoman Empire.

_____ (T) In the muddy, rutted streets of 17th Century Europe, these new shoes had no utility value whatsoever - but that was the point: one of the best ways that status can be conveyed is through impracticality.
_____ (U) So in 1599, Abbas sent the first Persian diplomatic mission to Europe - it called on the courts of Russia, Germany and Spain.


So the video above states that high heels might be bad for your feet, yet I found a blog entry that points out that high heels are OK as long as you don't over-wear them and as long as you massage your feet after-wards: http://ohshoedesigns.com/blog/175/



The victory over Babylonia expressed all the facets of the policy of conciliation which Cyrus had followed until then.

_____ (Q) Indeed, Cyrus had no thought of forcing conquered people into a single mold, and had the wisdom to merely remove the often corrupt leadership of a conquered territory, replacing it with his 'tolerant' dictatorship.

_____ (R) He presented himself not as a conqueror, but as a benevolent and forgiving liberator of a foreign people.

_____ (S) This liberating step was in line with his policy to bring peace to mankind through the toleration of numerous national identities within a Persian empire.

_____ (T) He not only removed corrupt leaders and left familiar institutions unchanged, but he also freed peoples conquered by others, as evidenced in 539 BCE, when he allowed more than 40,000 Jews to leave Babylon and return to Palestine.

_____ (U) This step also showed a new wind was blowing from the east, carrying away the cries and humility of defeated and murdered victims, extinguishing the fires of sacked cities, and liberating nations from slavery.








Answers:

Fioravanti - 2,5,3,1,4  Q=2, R=5, S=3, T=1, U=4
High Heels - 3,4,1,5,2  
Cyrus --> 2,1,4,3,5




Please enjoy Mungo Jerry. Wow, this has been a very hot summer, hasn't it?



Monday, July 14, 2014

New scrambled paragraphs: Ash tree, Chess, Edelweiss

Notice:  All of the scrambled paragraphs on this blog are a free, non-commercial resource purely for educational purposes.  They are 100% legal under the Fair Usage Law.  (Basically I took properly cited source material and meaningfully changed it into a unique educational tool.) No commercial entity has the right to remove and display this content. By using this website you tacitly agree to the terms that this material cannot be reproduced for distribution via the internet or other means.


Answers are below the exercises.

Please note: It is important for students to begin getting used to answering these passages using a pencil, scratch paper and an answer sheet.  Here is an answer sheet you can download and print out: http://scrambledparas.blogspot.com/2013/12/a-practice-answer-sheet.html


Not only was its girth tremendous, its height was towering. 

_____ (Q) If we think symbolically, as the ancient Celts were apt to do, we can also liken our own spiritual-growth with that of the ash. 

_____ (R) Some ash trees are known to soar over 200 feet tall and such incredible growth owes credit to a fantastic root system.

_____ (S) For greater (higher) attainment, the more we need to stay grounded (well rooted)

_____ (T) To the Celts he ash spoke to us of growth, expansion, and a higher perspective. 

_____ (U) Indeed, it's mass, height, and deeply embedded roots became metaphorical to the ancient Celts.

http://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meaning-ash-tree.html



By the 1800s, chess was essentially the same game we play today, and it is at this time that the concept of a world chess champion began to enter the consciousness of the chess playing public. 

_____ (Q) In 1843, however, Englishman Howard Staunton – the namesake for the now famous Staunton pieces – played two matches with Pierre Saint-Amant, the leading French player of the time. 

_____ (R) But nobody had made the claim that the match was for the world championship, and as such, it was a shaky title, at best.

_____ (S) Staunton emerged victorious, and some observers began to consider the idea that Staunton might be the best player in the world: a world champion, perhaps.  

_____ (T) This lead, therefore, to London 1851 – the first international chess tournament ever held - which was Staunton’s idea: the event being designed to gather all of the best players in Europe. 

_____ (U) The French dominated chess in the 18th century and into the early 19th, with players like Philidor and La Bourdonnais having virtually no equals up until at least the early 1840s.




The Edelweiss flower has since time immemorial been valued as medicine against the ailments of men and their beasts, as a powerful Talisman to ward off evil and, of course, as the "Ultimate Love Charm" of the mountains.

_____ (Q) The danger-wrought exercise of collecting such a bouquet proved in those days that the suitor was brave, able-bodied and serious in his intentions. 

_____ (R) Love struck young men would try to endear themselves by collecting Edelweiss from those hard to access crags and ledges in the High Alps of Europe.

_____ (S) During these quests many died from falls, or succumbed to exposure, insufficiently prepared for sudden weather changes.

_____ (T) That is one of the reasons why men in some parts of Europe still decorate themselves with this bloom and wear it like a medal of honor. 

_____ (U) This was a mixing of flowers and machismo rarely seen in western culture.





Answers are below:









Answers: 
ash tree - 4,1,5,3,2   Q=4, R=1, S=5, T=3, U=2
chess ----> 2,4,3,5,1
edelweiss ---> 3,1,2,5,4


Cool 1970s rock!  Please enjoy the Edgar Winter Group performing Frankenstein! Yes, Edgar was an 'albino' and he embraced his uniqueness!


Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Allende, Brando, Mao - 3 more free scrambled paragraphs

Notice:  All of the scrambled paragraphs on this blog are a free, non-commercial resource purely for educational purposes.  They are 100% legal under the Fair Usage Law.  (Basically I took properly cited source material and meaningfully changed it into a unique educational tool.) No commercial entity has the right to remove and display this content. By using this website you tacitly agree to the terms that this material cannot be reproduced for distribution via the internet or other means.


Answers are below the exercises.


Salvador Allende's left-wing politics were informed by the dire poverty experienced by most Chilean citizens that he witnessed as a doctor and as a politician. 

_____ (Q) Examples included social security rights for all workers, land redistribution, rent reductions, improved health care facilities, improved housing and sanitation, free milk for nursing mothers and school children, anti-illiteracy campaigns, the raising of the minimum wage, and the granting of three thousand scholarships for the marginalized Mapuches Indian community. 


_____ (R) Such policies were of deep concern to US corporations such as Kennecott, Anaconda, PepsiCo, and International Telephone and Telegraph and such corporations played a major role in lobbying the US government to implement measures aimed at eliminating the freely elected government of Chile. 


_____ (S) Positive results from such initiatives included an increase in school enrollments and a reduction of nearly 20 per cent in malnutrition rates among the very young. 


_____ (T) Upon securing the Presidency, Allende immediately set out to implement major social reforms. 


_____ (U) In order to finance such programs, Allende embarked on an ambitious program encompassing the accelerated nationalization and expropriation of industries. 

http://www.opendemocracy.net/senan-fox/remembering-salvador-allende

--------------------------------------------
Marlon Brando was one of the greatest movie actors ever.  He is kind of responsible for making the white tee shirt so popular in American culture.  Here is a paragraph from Esquire magazine about how Brando used a white tee shirt and how the tee shirt can still be used in a stylish manner.


Brando had a rare gift in that he could turn even a basic line of dialogue, or the most mundane action, into an unforgettable moment. 

_____ (Q) Start off with something fitted, but not skin tight — you shouldn’t look like you’re wearing a hand-me-down from grade school. 


_____ (R) Next, make sure the sleeves hit mid-bicep, anything longer than that will look sloppy, and anything shorter will make you look like a frat boy desperately trying to show off his guns. 


_____ (S) And here we have Brando working that same magic, not on a script, but on the most fundamental garment of the American style canon: the plain white T-shirt. 


_____ (T) Of course you don’t want to look like a slob, so double check for any stains before tossing it on and, to finish it all off, go ahead and try out your signature stare, although to pull that one off, you might need to share in Brando’s gene pool.


_____ (U) The more that an outfit has going on, the easier it is to get noticed, but to turn an ordinary undershirt into something extraordinary you’ll need to take a few notes from the brooding actor. 

http://www.esquire.com/blogs/mens-fashion/marlon-brando-style-042513




October 1st, 1949 was the first occasion on which Mao waved to thousands in the Square; this was to celebrate the founding of the People's Republic and the final demise of the Nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek. 

_____ (Q) Few could understand his accent but they could certainly celebrate what he offered, and what he delivered for the next ten years. 


_____ (R) If numbers increased, the background of the marchers had by now certainly diminished and had become more uniform.


_____ (S) In the late 1960s, millions marched through the Square which, though now enlarged, could not lake the numbers now involved in National Day parades. 


_____ (T) By October 1st, 1959, the thousands had increased to hundreds of thousands and the enthusiasm remained. 


_____ (U) The next few years would be very different as famine struck three years running, as ideological disputes with the Soviet Union led to fighting along the Amur River and as China felt threatened by the war in Vietnam. 



http://www.historytoday.com/neil-taylor/tiananmen-square



Answers are below:







Answers:

allende ------> 2,5,3,1,4   Q = 2, R = 5, S = 3, T = 1, U = 4
brando ------> 3,4,1,5,2
mao ----> 1,5,4,2,3,

Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Sunfish, Zen, Ceratopsians

Notice:  All of the scrambled paragraphs on this blog are a free, non-commercial resource purely for educational purposes.  They are 100% legal under the Fair Usage Law.  (Basically I took properly cited source material and meaningfully changed it into a unique educational tool.) No commercial entity has the right to remove and display this content. By using this website you tacitly agree to the terms that this material cannot be reproduced for distribution via the internet or other means.


Answers are below the exercises:



The data collected from the tags showed that sunfish spend 50 per cent of their time in the top 10 meters of the ocean. 

_____ (Q) They mostly feed on zooplankton, an extremely diverse group of simple, slow-moving creatures that includes jellyfish and related animals, which stay close to the surface.

_____ (R) This time is probably spent basking, lying on their side and soaking up heat from the sun.
_____ (S) They generally go to depths of 90 to 170 meters, though the deepest observed dive reached 644 meters.
_____ (T) The rest of the time is spent diving, which they do on average 40 times a day – though hardly ever at night. 
_____ (U) This is by no means as deep as other fish go, but then the sunfish don't need to plunge to the abyssal depths. 

The basic premise that the highest truth, or first principle, or Tao, is not expressible in words or conceivable through logical thought, is common to both Taoism and Zen. 

_____ (Q) However, the enlightened Taoist sage is considered to have gained some special knowledge, and thus becomes somehow removed from the world. 

_____ (R) This is obviously not Taoistic quietism (wu-wei) but action where words will not do and the effect is to force the student back into his own mind, rather than to foster a dependence on teachers.

_____ (S) The Zen Master gains nothing other than the realization that there is nothing to gain, and is thus more than ever in the world.

_____ (T) Furthermore, whereas Lao-tzu poetically says "The Tao that can be named is not the real Tao," the Zen Master takes this for granted and if questioned on the subject he might scream "kwatz!" or strike the disciple. 

_____ (U) Both hold, moreover, that an intuitive understanding of the first principle is possible, and this is called enlightenment. 





Ceratopsians were slow-moving plant eaters that probably lived together in large herds--hardly the kind of animals you'd associate with deadly conflict. 

_____ (Q) But upon closer examination, the frills are typically too thin to provide much protection.

_____ (R) The huge bony collars, or frills, around the animals' heads seemed to protect their necks.

_____ (S) For many years, paleontologists thought these animals used their horns and spikes to fight predators like T. rex

_____ (T) In much the same way, the elaborate skulls of the horned dinosaurs may have been for display, not defense.

_____ (U) And among modern animals from beetles to bison, horns are almost always used to attract mates, compete with rivals or allow animals of the same species to recognize each other. 


http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/past-exhibitions/dinosaurs-ancient-fossils-new-discoveries/display-or-defense/whats-the-point




Answers are below:







Answers:

sun fish ---> 5,1,3,2,4  Q=5, R=1, S=3, T=2, U=4
tao/zen -------> 2,5,3,4,1
dinos ----------> 3,2,1,5,4

Wednesday, May 28, 2014

2 scambled paragraphs: H20 contamination; Socrates

Notice:  All of the scrambled paragraphs on this blog are a free, non-commercial resource purely for educational purposes.  They are 100% legal under the Fair Usage Law.  (Basically I took properly cited source material and meaningfully changed it into a unique educational tool.) No commercial entity has the right to remove and display this content. By using this website you tacitly agree to the terms that this material cannot be reproduced for distribution via the internet or other means.


Answers are below the exercises:

This first scrambled paragraph is pretty difficult, but you can try it anyway. Part of the key to unscrambling it is in determining when "coliform" should first be mentioned. As a clue, (T) will be your 3rd out of 5 choices.

Water pollution caused by fecal contamination is a serious problem due to the potential for contracting diseases from pathogens (disease causing organisms). 

______ (Q) Coliforms are relatively easy to identify, are usually present in larger numbers than more dangerous pathogens, and respond to the environment, wastewater treatment, and water treatment similarly to many pathogens. 


______ (R) Frequently, concentrations of pathogens from fecal contamination are small, and the number of different possible pathogens is large, so it is not practical to test for pathogens in every water sample collected. 


______ (S) As a result, testing for coliform bacteria can be a reasonable indication of whether other pathogenic bacteria are present.


______ (T) Coliforms come from the same sources as pathogenic organisms.


______ (U) Instead, the presence of pathogens is determined with indirect evidence by testing for an "indicator" organism such as coliform bacteria.



Taken from:

http://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/water/drinking/coliform_bacteria.htm



Our earliest extant source and the only one who can claim to have known Socrates in his early years is the playwright Aristophanes. 

______ (Q) In the play, the character Socrates heads a Think-o-Rama in which young men study the natural world, from insects to stars. 


______ (R) The actor wearing the mask of Socrates also makes fun of the traditional gods of Athens and gives naturalistic explanations of phenomena Athenians viewed as divinely directed. 


______ (S) These young men also study slick argumentative techniques, lacking all respect for the Athenian sense of propriety. 


______ (T) Worst of all, he teaches dishonest techniques for avoiding repayment of debt and encourages young men to beat their parents into submission.


______ (U) His comedy, Clouds, was produced in 423 when the other two writers of our extant sources, Xenophon and Plato, were infants. 


Taken from:

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/socrates/












answers:

Water contamination:  4,1,5,3,2 ---------> Q=4, R=1,S=5,T=3, U=2

Socrates: 2,4,3,5,1 ------------> Q=2,R=4,S=3,T=5,U=1

Friday, December 13, 2013

A practice answer sheet


Please feel free to print out this answer sheet (make numerous copies) and use it when you answer your scrambled paragraphs from this site. This is similar to the answer sheet on the SHSAT exam.  Or, please feel free to cut and paste onto a Word document and then print it out.  You can also create your own type of answer sheet on a piece of loose-leaf paper - feel free to be creative.

Don't do too many scrambled paragraphs in one day.  Take your time and do a few every couple or few days.  Really struggle with the logic, if you have to, and learn from your mistakes.  Take your time and really learn how to 'decode' these things. Good luck. 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Paragraph_____________________________
                Sentence 2 is     Q     R     S     T     U          
                Sentence 3 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                 
                Sentence 4 is     Q     R     S     T     U                            
                Sentence 5 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                    
                Sentence 6 is     Q     R     S     T     U                      


Paragraph_____________________________
                Sentence 2 is     Q     R     S     T     U          
                Sentence 3 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                 
                Sentence 4 is     Q     R     S     T     U                            
                Sentence 5 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                    
                Sentence 6 is     Q     R     S     T     U                      


Paragraph_____________________________
                Sentence 2 is     Q     R     S     T     U          
                Sentence 3 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                 
                Sentence 4 is     Q     R     S     T     U                            
                Sentence 5 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                    
                Sentence 6 is     Q     R     S     T     U                      


Paragraph_____________________________
                Sentence 2 is     Q     R     S     T     U          
                Sentence 3 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                 
                Sentence 4 is     Q     R     S     T     U                            
                Sentence 5 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                    
                Sentence 6 is     Q     R     S     T     U                      



Paragraph_____________________________
                Sentence 2 is     Q     R     S     T     U          
                Sentence 3 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                 
                Sentence 4 is     Q     R     S     T     U                            
                Sentence 5 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                    
                Sentence 6 is     Q     R     S     T     U                      



Paragraph_____________________________
                Sentence 2 is     Q     R     S     T     U          
                Sentence 3 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                 
                Sentence 4 is     Q     R     S     T     U                            
                Sentence 5 is     Q     R     S     T     U                                    
                Sentence 6 is     Q     R     S     T     U                      

Friday, October 11, 2013

4 more scrambled paragraphs

Notice:  All of the scrambled paragraphs on this blog are a free, non-commercial resource purely for educational purposes.  They are 100% legal under the Fair Usage Law.  (Basically I took properly cited source material and meaningfully changed it into a unique educational tool.) No commercial entity has the right to remove and display this content. By using this website you tacitly agree to the terms that this material cannot be reproduced for distribution via the internet or other means.


Answers are below the exercises:

Levassor and his partner Panhard operated one of the largest machine shops in Paris in 1887, when a Belgian engineer named Edouard Sarazin convinced Levassor to manufacture a new high-speed engine for the German automaker Daimler, for which Sarazin had obtained the French patent rights.

_____ (Q) In 1889, visitors to the Paris exposition celebrating the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution were able to admire not only Gustave Eiffel's now-famous tower, but also a Daimler-produced automobile with one of the new Panhard et Levassor-constructed engines. 

_____ (R) In the years to come, this arrangement, known as the Systeme Panhard, would become the model for all automobiles.

_____ (S) When Sarazin died later that year, the rights passed to his widow, Louise.

_____ (T) The year after the opening of the exposition, Levassor married Louise Sarazin. 

_____ (U) By 1891, Levassor had built a drastically different automobile, placing the engine vertically in front of the chassis rather than underneath or behind the driver--a radical departure from the carriage-influenced design of earlier vehicles--and put in a mechanical transmission that the driver engaged with a clutch, allowing him to travel at different speeds. 

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-auto-race-held-from-paris-bordeaux-paris



The dawn that followed the dark and frigid night of December 15, 1944 was foggy, dreary, and foreboding to the troops of the VIII Corps in their positions along the front line between Echternach and just south of Konschau in Belgium, a distance of approximately 75 miles, facing the defensive structures the Germans called the Siegfried Line. 

_____ (Q) It had been a quiet sector since early October, and the American front was thinly held, with three infantry divisions on the line and an armored division in reserve. 

_____ (R) Indeed there was no strong or aggressive force facing them, at least in the supposedly trained judgment of unit, divisional, and corps intelligence. 

_____ (S) But it would have been "thinly held" if it had had twice those troops, consisting as it did of widely separated strong points connected generally by a few motorized patrols.

_____ (T) However the risk must have been considered extremely slight, for commanders all the way down the line were urged to make their men comfortable for the hard winter ahead, and to take measures to reduce the serious problem of trench foot, a disabling disorder resulting from repeatedly wet feet in very cold wet weather.       

_____ (U) They were consequently taking what General Eisenhower described as a "calculated risk" when he had depleted VIII Corps' strength by numerous units to assist Field Marshal Montgomery's planned attack in the north.

http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/wwii/articles/bastogne.aspx







The Bohr Model is probably familiar as the "planetary model" of the atom and is used as a symbol for atomic energy (a bit of a misnomer, since the energy in "atomic energy" is actually the energy of the nucleus, rather than the entire atom).

_____ (Q) This similarity between a planetary model and the Bohr Model of the atom ultimately arises because the attractive gravitational force in a solar system and the attractive Coulomb (electrical) force between the positively charged nucleus and the negatively charged electrons in an atom are mathematically of the same form.

_____ (R) The form is the same, but the intrinsic strength of the Coulomb interaction is much larger than that of the gravitational interaction.

_____ (S) Gravitation is always, however, attractive in our present Universe.

_____ (T) In addition, there are positive and negative electrical charges so the Coulomb interaction can be either attractive or repulsive.

_____ (U) In the Bohr Model the neutrons and protons occupy a dense central region called the nucleus, and the electrons orbit the nucleus much like planets orbiting the Sun (but the orbits are not confined to a plane as is approximately true in the Solar System).

http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr162/lect/light/bohr.html




Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaton, meaning "the Servant of Aten" early in his reign. 

_____ (Q) At first he attempted to place temples for Aten next to the temples for other gods. 

_____ (R) Eventually he closed all the other temples and took their revenues. 

_____ (S) But fairly early in his reign he introduced a monotheistic worship of Aten, the Sun God. 

_____ (T) Akhenaton started his reign as most Egyptian kings. 

_____ (U) Ultimately, Akhenaton placed himself as the intermediary between Aten and the people, helping eliminate the need for the priesthood. 




answers are below:






answers:

autos----->  2,5,1,3,4   --->   Q=2, R=5, S=1, T=3, U=4
battle/bulge ------>  1,3,2,5,4
bohr -------> 2,3,5,4,1
akhenaton ------>   3,4,2,1,5



Looking to laugh?  Here's a funny video from two brothers in Norway: