Thursday, August 22, 2013

3 more free practice scrambled paragraphs: Flushing Remonstrance, Naismith, Glaciers

Answers are under the exercises.

In 1645, the settlement of Vlissengen (known today as Flushing, Queens) became part of New Netherland.

_____ (Q) Today, the Flushing Remonstrance is regarded as the precursor to the U.S. Constitution’s provision on freedom of religion in the Bill of Rights.

_____ (R) A Flushing colonist held a Quaker meeting in his home, and he was fined and banished.

_____ (S) Consequently, Peter Stuyvesant, the governor of New Netherland, forbade colonists from allowing Quaker meetings to be held in any home.

_____ (T) Largely settled by English families, Vlissengen proved to be fertile ground for Quakers who were persecuted at home in England and Quaker religious teachings spread throughout Vlissengen and Long Island, threatening the dominance of the Dutch Reformed Church in New Netherland.

_____ (U) Flushing citizens protested, and in 1657 they wrote a demand for religious freedom that is today known as the Flushing Remonstrance.

Who are Quakers?  I think they are best known for being 'pacifists.' A pacifist is a person who does not believe in war.

Dr. James Naismith is known world-wide as the inventor of basketball.  

_____ (Q) Naismith wanted to create a game of skill for the students instead of one that relied solely on strength and he needed a game that could be played indoors in a relatively small space.  

_____ (R) The concept of basketball was born from Naismith's school days in the area where he played a simple child's game known as duck-on-a-rock outside his one-room schoolhouse, which involved attempting to knock a "duck" off the top of a large rock by tossing another rock at it.  

_____ (S) The first game was played with a soccer ball and two peach baskets used as goals.  

_____ (T) In Springfield, Naismith was faced with the problem of finding a sport that was suitable for play inside during the Massachusetts winter for the students at the School for Christian Workers.

 _____ (U) After studying at McGill University and serving as McGill's Athletic Director, James Naismith moved on to the YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA in 1891, where the sport of basketball was born.

A glacier is essentially a huge mass of ice resting on land or floating in the sea next to land.

_____ (Q) Moving extremely slowly, a glacier acts similarly to an immense river of ice, often merging with other glaciers in a stream-like manner.

_____ (R) It is so cold in these regions that when a snowflake hits the ground it does not melt, but instead combines with other snowflakes to form larger grains of ice. 

 _____ (S) A glacier cannot, however, form unless is it above the snowline, the lowest elevation at which snow can survive year round.

_____ (T) As more and more snow accumulates, mounting weight and pressure squeeze these grains of ice together to form a glacier.  

_____ (U) Regions with continuous snowfall and constant freezing temperatures foster the development of these frozen rivers.

Answers are below:


Flushing Remonstrance ------> 5,3,2,1,4     Q=5, R=3, S=2, T=1, U=4
Naismith -------> 4,1,5,3,2
Glaciers -------> 1,3,5,4,2