Monday, July 22, 2013

2 more scrambled paragraphs: Kyu Sakamoto, Cesar Chavez

Answers are below the exercises.

Background for the 1st scrambled paragraph:
{{Well before 'Psy' became popular with "Gangnam Style," the first Asian performer to become very successful in America was Kyu Sakamoto, from Japan.  Indeed, he did what Psy couldn't do - Sakamoto reached number 1 on the American Billboard charts with a truly beautiful little pop song (you can hear it below).  The funny thing is that in America the song was called "Sukiyaki."  Sukiyaki is, of course, a kind of Japanese food.  Yet, the song doesn't mention food at all.  It turns out that the American company distributing the song just wanted to give the song a title that was familiar to Americans.}}

Ian Condry, who teaches Japanese culture at MIT, says "Sukiyaki" transcended language because it hit an emotional nerve.

_____ (Q) The song spent three weeks at the top of the Billboard charts in June 1963 and was already a huge hit in Japan before its American debut.

_____ (R) "1964 was the Tokyo Olympics, and Japan's economy was expanding globally and so, in some ways, the song is kind of an interesting metaphor for that global expansion of Japan on the world scene."

_____ (S) "1963 was when Japan was returning to the world scene after the destruction of WWII," Condry says.

_____ (T) But what most listeners in the U.S. probably didn't realize was how it symbolized Japan's return to the world stage.

_____ (U) Kyu Sakamoto was the face of this new postwar Japan: a clean-cut, 21-year-old pop idol.

Background for this scrambled paragraph:
{{Cesar Chavez was a real American hero.  He helped Mexican 'migrant' farm workers (who were working in California) fight for their right to be treated like human beings. 'Migrant' workers move around a lot looking for work. The documentary I found below about Chavez is definitely worth watching. It was such a sad situation.  To be honest, I am not sure it's much better today for folks who work so hard for their families to make a living as migrant workers.}}  

In San Jose Chavez met a local priest, Father Donald McDonnell, who introduced him to the writings of St. Francis and Mahatma Gandhi, and the idea that non-violence could be an active force for positive change.

_____ (Q) The man who would teach Cesar Chavez how to put theory into practice arrived in San Jose in 1953. 

_____ (R) CSO helped its members with immigration and tax problems, and taught them how to organize to deal with problems like police violence and discrimination. 

_____ (S) To Chavez, Ross’ simple rules for organizing were nothing short of revolutionary.

_____ (T) Fred Ross was an organizer in San Jose to recruit members for the Community Service Organization.

_____ (U) But he still needed to learn how to put these principles into action.

Answers are below:


Kyu -------> 1, 4, 3, 2, 5           1 = Q , 4 = R , 3 = S , 2 = T , 5 = U

Chavez -------> 2, 4, 5, 3, 1