Sunday, June 16, 2013

6 new, amazing practice scrambled paragraphs

Answers are below the exercises.

Bullfighting is certainly one of the best-known, although at the same time most controversial, Spanish popular customs. 

______ (Q) Formerly this bull's forebears, the primitive urus, were spread out over wide areas of the world. 
______ (R) These bulls also played an important role in the religious ceremonies of the Iberian tribes living in Spain in prehistoric times.

______ (S) Many civilizations revered them; the bull cults on the Greek island of Crete are very well known and the Bible tells of sacrifices of these bulls in honor of divine justice. 

______ (T) In fact, the origins of the plaza de toros (bullring) are probably not the Roman amphitheatres but rather the Celtic-Iberian temples where those ceremonies were held.  

______ (U) This Fiesta could not exist without the toro bravo, a species of bull of an ancient race that is only conserved in Spain.

Ted Kaczynski, the “Unabomber,” killed three people and wounded 22 with his mailbombs. 

 ______ (Q) From his cabin in the woods in Montana, the reclusive mathematician sent out bomb after bomb, and then letter after letter haranguing victims who had survived his attacks.

______ (R) The mad genius, whom investigators tagged as the University and Airline Bomber, terrorized the country for nearly two decades.  

______ (S) At this time, someone recognized his ideas in the manifesto: his brother, David, who had not seen Ted for many years, but who had many deep and thoughtful conversations with him in the past. 

______ (T) No one was able to figure out who he was until 1995 when he sent out a 35,000-word manifesto against technology and industrialization, which the Washington Post and the New York Times published in order to prevent the Unabomber from carrying out his threat to blow up a plane over Los Angeles.  

______ (U) And so, the brutal chess game between bomber and government came to an end as a family drama between two brothers who were very much alike and yet different enough for one to give the other up to the FBI for the public good.

Emotion and memory are very closely related. 

 ______ (Q) So perhaps you would not be surprised to learn that the portion of the emotion system of the brain (the "limbic system") is in charge of transferring information into memory.

______ (R) From years of experiments and surgical experience, we now know that the main location for this transfer is a portion of the temporal lobe called the hippocampus. 

______ (S) You know this from your experience.  

______ (T) The woman who made you laugh, the man who made you feel embarrassed, and your new boss - the ones who had an emotional impact. 

______ (U) If you go to a party, meet a bunch of new people, which faces are you going to remember?

Millions of zoo visitors enjoy watching giant pandas eat.

 ______ (Q) The panda also uses its powerful jaws and strong teeth to crush the tough, fibrous bamboo into bits for its digestive system to process.

______ (R) To make up for the inefficient digestion, a panda needs to consume a comparatively large amount of food—from 20 to 40 pounds of bamboo each day meaning that a panda must spend 10 to 16 hours a day foraging and eating. 

______ (S) This posture leaves the front paws free to grasp bamboo stems with the help of a "pseudo thumb," formed by an elongated and enlarged wrist bone covered with a fleshy pad of skin.  

______ (T) A giant panda’s digestive system is more similar to that of a carnivore than an herbivore, and so much of what is eaten is passed as waste.

______ (U) A panda usually eats while sitting upright, in a pose that resembles how humans sit on the floor.

Paul MacLean, the former director of the Laboratory of the Brain and Behavior at the United States National Institute of Mental Health, developed a model of the brain based on its evolutionary development.

______ (Q) We still carry that reptilian part in our brain (R-complex) but it has been supplemented by an early mammalian brain containing emotion (limbic system) and a more advanced mammalian brain for higher-order thinking (neo-cortex). 

______ (R) It is referred to as the "triune brain theory" because MacLean suggests that the human brain is actually three brains in one.  

______ (S) At one point in the evolution of life, reptiles were the highest life form, but had basic brains that lacked emotional centers – this is why reptiles often do not care for their young. 

______ (T) Each of the layers or "brains" were established successively in response to evolutionary need.  

______ (U) The three layers are the reptilian system, or R-complex, the limbic system, and the neocortex.

With the outbreak of World War I, Mata Hari's cross-border liaisons with German political and military figures came to the attention of the French secret police and she was placed under surveillance.

______ (Q) Her trial in July revealed some damning evidence that the dancer was unable to adequately explain. 

______ (R) In the murky world of the spy, however, the French suspected her of being a double agent.

______ (S) Brought in for questioning, the French reportedly induced her to travel to neutral Spain in order to develop relationships with the German naval and army attaches in Madrid and report any intelligence back to Paris.  

______ (T) She was convicted and sentenced to death, and in the early-morning hours of October 15, Mata Hari was awakened and taken by car from her Paris prison cell to an army barracks on the city's outskirts where she was to meet her fate. 

______ (U) In February 1917 Mata Hari returned to Paris and was immediately arrested; charged with being a German spy.


Bull: 24351

una: 21435

hippocampus: 45132

panda: 35241

brain: 51423

mata: 42153