Friday, June 28, 2013

5 Free Practice Scrambled Paragraphs

The answers are below the exercises. 

After each exercise there is also a link to read further about the paragraph and I always try to find a good documentary video from youtube based on the topic of the paragraph.  Sometimes it's hard to find good videos.  I am hoping you will not just learn how to unscramble paragraphs (which is not a skill you'll ever need in life :P) but you'll also learn more about the world.

Someone e-mailed me and asked me why I didn't explain how to solve each paragraph. To be honest with you, I think you will learn more about solving these exercises if *you* analyze your mistakes and understand how the sentences logically connect to each other. 

The relationship between Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr was charged with political rivalry and personal animosity.  

______ (Q) His greatest accomplishment was achieved in 1800 when he was elected Vice President to Thomas Jefferson, although Hamilton considered him an unprincipled rogue. 

______ (R) Burr, on the other hand, represented the old Republican Party and the interests of strong individual states and wealthy landowners.  

______ (S) Alexander Hamilton, the nation's first Secretary of the Treasury, was the chief author of The Federalist Papers, which advocated a strong central government.  

______ (T) Burr responded by challenging his antagonist to a duel, an invitation Hamilton felt compelled to accept; the duel led to Hamilton’s death. 

______ (U) The antagonism between the two came to a head in 1804 when Hamilton thwarted Burr's attempt to gain re-nomination for Vice President as well as his bid to win the governorship of New York.

(Interestingly, historians have re-examined Hamilton and Burr and are now more sympathetic to Burr.  Burr was actually a very progressive thinker who opposed slavery and favored women's rights.  Many historians have also pointed out that Hamilton continually provoked Burr in the press by writing false information about him.  Both men contributed to the early USA - indeed, Burr was an amazing war hero during the Revolution who saved the life of his commanding officer at the risk of his own life. Burr received a bad reputation in US history because of his duel with Hamilton and because Thomas Jefferson later turned against Burr and attempted to have him jailed on false 'treason' charges.)

Until 1932, the atom was known to consist of a positively charged nucleus surrounded by enough negatively charged electrons to make the atom electrically neutral.

______ (Q) This postulation stimulated a search for the particle that culminated in the discovery of the neutron by James Chadwick in the aforementioned year of 1932. 

______ (R) In addition to the beta particles, certain radioactive nuclei emitted positively charged alpha particles and neutral gamma radiation.

______ (S) Most of the atom was thought to be empty space, with its mass concentrated in a tiny nucleus.

______ (T) The nucleus was thought to contain both protons and electrons because the proton (otherwise known as the hydrogen ion, H+) was the lightest known nucleus and because electrons were emitted by the nucleus in beta particles.  

______ (U) Despite this belief, twelve years earlier, Lord Ernest Rutherford, a pioneer in atomic structure, had postulated the existence of a neutral particle, with the approximate mass of a proton, that could result from the capture of an electron by a proton.

Richard the Lionhearted was determined to arrive at Jerusalem to take on Saladin.

______ (Q) It was also slightly cooler with a coastal breeze. 

______ (R) The march south to Jerusalem was very difficult.  

______ (S) The Crusaders kept as near to the coast as possible to allow ships to supply them.

______ (T) At night when the Crusaders tried to rest, they were also plagued by tarantulas; their bites were poisonous and very painful.  

______ (U) Regardless of this, the Christians suffered from the heat and lack of water.

Two types of polynucleotides are present in all cells. 

_____(Q) Both DNA and RNA also contain phosphate and four nucleotide BASES. 

_____(R) There are two chemical differences between them.

_____(S) Three of the bases are the same, GUANINE, ADENINE, CYTOSINE, however DNA contains THYMINE, while RNA contains URACIL.  

_____(T) First, both have a PENTOSE sugar (5-carbon atoms), but DNA contains the pentose sugar DEOXYRIBOSE and RNA contains the pentose sugar RIBOSE. 


A proper golf swing obviously has an enormous impact on your game of golf.  

______(Q) The golf swing is a great example of the physics of angular motion.  

______(R) Most club heads weigh about the same, so the key to being able to hit the long ball lies in the club head velocity.

______(S) The faster your club head is going at the bottom of your swing, the greater the amount of kinetic energy that will be transferred from club head to the ball because the kinetic energy is proportional to the mass of the club head and the square of its velocity. 

______(T) This torque force changes the angular velocity of the club, causing rotation.  

______(U) The twisting swing produces torque on the club.

Hamilton: 32154

neutron: 53124

Richard 31254

dna: 42531

golf: 14532
Yes, I'm the guy who created the scandal in Asia awhile ago. I felt that the Korean performers I was teaching were not being treated up to acceptable standards, and I reported this to a Korean newspaper to help ensure that, in the future, performers would be treated better.