Tuesday, April 30, 2013

SEVEN Excellent Scrambled Paragraph Practice Exercises

Peruvian soldiers, prisoners and school-children now eat papapan – a bread made from boiled potatoes. 

______(Q) Wheat has become short in supply because of continued bad weather and a greater demand for bread by an ever growing world population.

______(R) The government is promoting this new type of bread product in the wake of a severe shortage of wheat.

______(S) This greater demand for wheat has caused prices to sky-rocket, severely hurting the world’s poor.

______(T) UN economist John Smith believes that all of this should be a wake-up call: “We need to begin planting much more wheat!”

______(U) In Nigeria, for example, the price of a loaf of wheat bread has risen from .75 to 1.00.

 Taken from National Geographic 10/2008


Tiger attacks, monkey escapes, animal deaths – news like this from zoos has led to an outcry from critics.

______(Q) Robert Humbertoe disagrees and counters this argument by saying, “Enlightened zoos are good places for animals, and they are getting better.”

______(R) Humbertoe points out that input from scientists has allowed zoos to create more naturalistic enclosures for the animals where they can act in healthful and natural ways.

______(S) One result of the new, enlightened and naturalistic type of zoo is that animals tend to jump farther, climb higher and run faster because of pure joy.

______(T) “If we can’t phase them out, zoos need higher standards; and some animals should not be in captivity in the first place.”

______(U) “I think all zoos should be phased out,” says Pete Bark, an animal rights advocate.

Taken from National Geographic 10/2008


It is believed that the majority of the pig breeds we now know are descended from the Eurasian Wild Boar (Sus scrofa).

______(Q) Pigs have now, in fact, become vital to the economy in all parts of the world - for example, there exists a "pig culture" in New Guinea as strong and complex as any African culture based on cattle.

______(R) After this point in space and time, the pig spread across Asia, Europe and Africa.

______(S) Figurines, as well as bones, dating to the sixth and seventh millennia BC have been found at sites in the Middle East.

______(T) Archaeological evidence from the Middle East indicates domestication of the pig occurred as early as 9,000 years ago, with some evidence for domestication even earlier in China.

______(U) Pigs were also a popular subject for statuettes in ancient Persia following the sixth and seventh millennia.

Taken from: http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/swine/


Dionysus, also commonly known by his Roman name Bacchus, appears to be a god who has two distinct origins.

______(Q) On the other hand, Dionysus also represents the outstanding features of mystery religions, such as those practiced at Eleusis

______(R) Therefore, scholars have suspected that the god known as Dionysus is in fact a fusion of a local Greek nature god, and another more potent god imported rather late in Greek pre-history from Phrygia (the central area of modern day Turkey) or Thrace

______(S) On the one hand, Dionysus was the god of wine, agriculture, and fertility of nature, who is also the patron god of the Greek stage (theatre).

______(T) A mystery religion is, basically, one that provided extreme and enriched inner experience or ecstasy: personal and higher-level delivery from the daily world through physical or spiritual intoxication. 

______(U) Whatever his origin, Dionysus is a god always looking to improve the human condition by encouraging friendship, compassion, dance, laughter and joy.


The Lusitania made her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York in September 1907.

______(Q) The British Admiralty had secretly subsidized her construction with the understanding that at the outbreak of any war the ship would be consigned to government service.

______(R) Dubbed the "Greyhound of the Seas" she soon captured the Blue Ribbon for the fastest Atlantic crossing.

______(S) Her engines produced 68,000-horse power and pushed the giant through the water at an average speed over 25 knots.

______(T) Construction had begun in 1903 with the goal of building the fastest passenger liner afloat.

______(U) However, we now know she was built for a dual purpose. 


In late 1875, Sioux and Cheyenne Indians defiantly left their reservations, outraged over the continued intrusions of whites into their sacred lands in the Black Hills.

______(Q) They gathered in Montana with the great warrior Sitting Bull to fight for their lands.

______(R) Spotting the Sioux village about fifteen miles away along the Rosebud River on June 25, Custer also found a nearby group of about forty warriors.

______(S) He did not realize that the number of warriors in the village numbered three times his strength.

______(T) Ignoring orders to wait, he decided to attack before they could alert the main party.

______(U) To force the large Indian army back to the reservations, the Army dispatched three columns to attack in coordinated fashion, one of which contained Lt. Colonel George Custer and the Seventh Cavalry.


The stingray's eyes peer out from its dorsal side.

_____(Q) Its eyes are therefore not thought by scientists to play a considerable role in hunting.

_____(R) Its mouth, nostrils, and gill slits are situated, however, on its underbelly.

_____(S) Located around the stingray's mouth, these organs sense the natural electrical charges of potential prey.

_____(T) The jaw teeth in the mouth enable them to crush mollusks such as clams, oysters, and mussels.

_____(U) Like its shark relatives, the stingray is outfitted with electrical sensors called ampullae of Lorenzini.




wheat:  21354

zoos: 34521

pigs:  54213

Dionysus:  24135

Lusitania: 53214

Custer:  13542

stingray: 21453